Cardiotoxicity of mitomycin A, mitomycin C, and seven N7 analogs in vitro

Robert T. Dorr, Nancy G. Shipp, James D. Liddil, Bhashyam S. Iyengar, Kenneth R. Kunz, William A. Remers

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5 Scopus citations


The alkylating antitumor agents mitomycin A (MMA), mitomycin C (MMC), and seven N7 analogs were compared in terms of their cardiotoxic and antitumor activity in vitro. Neonatal rat-heart myocytes were sensitive to five of the compounds studied, including MMA, 7-dimethylamidinomitosane (BMY-25282), 7-(N-methyl-piperazinyl)-mitosane (RR-194), N7-(4-iodophenyl)-MMC (RR-208), and N7-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-MMC (M-83) in order of descending molar potency. MMA and RR-208 possessed the greatest cytotoxic potency against 8226 human myeloma tumor cells in vitro. Two of the nine mitomycins studied, BMY-25282 and M-83, showed greater cytotoxic potency for heart cells. For these two agents, the ratio of the 50% inhibitory concentration in heart cells to that in 8226 myeloma cells was 50 and 32, respectively. For the other analogs, the tumor-cell cytotoxic potency was much higher (ranging from 200 to 7,000). For the nine mitomycin compounds, a correlation was found between heart-cell toxicity and low reduction potentials (E1/2 values) ranging from -0.16 to -0.37 V. Thus, as the reduction potential decreased (easier reducibility), the cardiotoxic potency in vitro increased (r = 0.81). In contrast, mitomycins with reduction potentials of higher than -0.37 V were much less potent cardiotoxins. Thus, mitomycin C (E1/2 = -0.45 V) was noncardiotoxic even when tested at concentrations 100-fold above those pharmacologically achievable in humans. Mitomycin C also failed to enhance doxorubicin (Adriamycin) cardiotoxicity in vitro. Importantly, no correlation was found between the reduction potential and the antitumor activity of the nine analogs (n = 0.51), in this small series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Chemotherapy And Pharmacology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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