Cardiomyocyte-targeted siRNA delivery by prostaglandin E2-Fas siRNA polyplexes formulated with reducible poly(amido amine) for preventing cardiomyocyte apoptosis

Sun Hwa Kim, Ji Hoon Jeong, Mei Ou, James W. Yockman, Sung Wan Kim, David A. Bull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

A cardiomyocyte-targeted Fas siRNA delivery system was developed using prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-modified siRNA polyplexes formed by a reducible poly(amido amine) to inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis. PGE2, which was used as a specific ligand for cardiomyocyte targeting, was conjugated to the terminal-end of the sense siRNA (PGE2-siRNA). The reducible cationic copolymer, synthesized via Michael-type polyaddition of 1,6-diaminohexane and cystamine bis-acrylamide (poly(DAH/CBA)), tightly condensed the PGE2-siRNA conjugate to form nanosize polyplexes having a diameter of 100-150 nm. The PGE2-siRNA/poly(DAH/CBA) polyplexes decomplexed to release PGE2-siRNA in a cytosolic reducing environment due to the degradation of the reducible poly(DAH/CBA). The cellular uptake of the PGE2-siRNA/poly(DAH/CBA) polyplex was increased in rat cardiomyocytes (H9C2 cells) due to PGE2 receptor-mediated endocytosis. When H9C2 cells were transfected with siRNA against Fas, a key regulator of ischemia-induced apoptosis, the PGE2-Fas siRNA/poly(DAH/CBA) polyplex delivery system led to a significant increase in Fas gene silencing, resulting in inhibition of cardiomyocyte apoptosis. The PGE2-Fas siRNA/poly(DAH/CBA) polyplex did not induce interferon-alpha in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. These results suggest that the PGE2-Fas siRNA/poly(DAH/CBA) polyplex formulation may be clinically applicable as a cardiomyocyte-targeted Fas siRNA delivery system to inhibit apoptosis in cardiovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4439-4446
Number of pages8
JournalBiomaterials
Volume29
Issue number33
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiomyocyte
  • Fas
  • Prostaglandin E
  • Reducible cationic polymer
  • siRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

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