Carcinogen metabolism genes, red meat and poultry intake, and colorectal cancer risk

Jun Wang, Amit D. Joshi, Román Corral, Kimberly D. Siegmund, Loãc Le Marchand, Maria Elena Martinez, Robert W. Haile, Dennis J. Ahnen, Robert S. Sandler, Peter Lance, Mariana C. Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Diets high in red meat are established risk factors for colorectal cancer (CRC). Carcinogenic compounds generated during meat cooking have been implicated as causal agents. We conducted a family-based case-control study to investigate the association between polymorphisms in carcinogen metabolism genes (CYP1A2 -154A>C, CYP1B1 Leu432Val, CYP2E1 -1054C>T, GSTP1 Ile105Val, PTGS2 5UTR -765, EPHX1 Tyr113His, NAT2 Ile114Thr, NAT2 Arg197Gln and NAT2 Gly286Glu) and CRC risk. We tested for gene-environment interactions using case-only analyses (N = 577) and compared statistically significant results to those obtained using case-unaffected sibling comparisons (N = 307 sibships). Our results suggested that CYP1A2 -154A>C might modify the association between intake of red meat cooked using high temperature methods and well done on the inside and CRC risk (case-only interaction OR = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.19-1.97; p = 0.0008) and the association between intake of red meat heavily browned on the outside and rectal cancer risk (case-only interaction OR = 0.65; 95% CI = 0.48-0.86; p = 0.003). We also found that GSTP1 Ile105Val might modify the association between intake of poultry cooked with high temperature methods and CRC risk (p = 0.0035), a finding that was stronger among rectal cancer cases. Our results support a role for heterocyclic amines that form in red meat as a potential explanation for the observed association between diets high in red meat and CRC. Our findings also suggest a possible role for diets high in poultry cooked at high temperatures in CRC risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1898-1907
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 15 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • CYP1A2
  • GSTP1
  • colorectal cancer
  • red meat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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