Carbon soundings: Greenhouse gas emissions of the UK music industry

C. Bottrill, D. Liverman, M. Boykoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Over the past decade, questions regarding how to reduce human contributions to climate change have become more commonplace and non-nation state actors - such as businesses, non-government organizations, celebrities - have increasingly become involved in climate change mitigation and adaptation initiatives. For these dynamic and rapidly expanding spaces, this letter provides an accounting of the methods and findings from a 2007 assessment of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the UK music industry. The study estimates that overall GHG emissions associated with the UK music market are approximately 540 000 tCO2e per annum. Music recording and publishing accounted for 26% of these emissions (138 000 tCO2e per annum), while three-quarters (74%) derived from activities associated with live music performances (400 000tCO2e per annum). These results have prompted a group of music industry business leaders to design campaigns to reduce the GHG emissions of their supply chains. The study has also provided a basis for ongoing in-depth research on CD packaging, audience travel, and artist touring as well as the development of a voluntary accreditation scheme for reducing GHG emissions from activities of the UK music industry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014019
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2010


  • Climate change
  • Corporate responsibility
  • Creative industry
  • Emission reduction
  • Energy use
  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • Music industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Environmental Science
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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