Canadian and American reactions to drug and alcohol testing programs in the workplace

Gerard H. Seijts, Daniel P. Skarlicki, Stephen W. Gilliland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We investigated U.S. and Canadian reactions to workplace drug and alcohol testing programs. Canadian truck drivers (n = 183) deemed drug and alcohol testing policies less fair, and were less accepting of these policies, than their American counterparts (n - 153). We also compared the perspectives of recipients versus third-party observers with regard to their reactions to a drug testing program. Unlike the pattern observed among American observers, the responses by Canadian observers were highly similar to those of the recipients. Canadian observers were more inclined to file a formal protest regarding the implementation of a drug and alcohol testing program than were U.S. observers. The results also showed that procedural and interactional justice principles contributed to the program's fairness, acceptance, and lower levels of protest intentions in both Canada and the United States. We propose that scholars and practitioners can gain a better understanding of multinational reactions to drug and alcohol testing by considering not only cultural but also historical, social, political, and other environmental factors that can shape reactions to personnel practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-208
Number of pages18
JournalEmployee Responsibilities and Rights Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2003


  • Drug and alcohol testing
  • Fairness
  • Organizational justice
  • Third-party perceptions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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