C2/c pyroxene phenocrysts from three potassic series in the Neogene alkaline volcanics, NE Turkey: Their crystal chemistry with petrogenetic significance as an indicator of P -T conditions

Faruk Aydin, Richard M. Thompson, Orhan Karsli, Hinako Uchida, Jason B. Burt, Robert T. Downs

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21 Scopus citations


Chemical and structural data are reported for C2/c pyroxene phenocrysts collected from three potassic series (Group A: basanite-tephrite, Group B: tephrite-phonolitic tephrite, Group C: alkaline basalt-trachybasalt) of the Neogene alkaline volcanics (NAVs) in northeastern Turkey, in order to investigate the evolution of the magmatic plumbing system and the location of magma chamber(s) with crystallization conditions. The rock series hosting the clinopyroxene phenocrysts show generally porphyritic texture and have a variable phenocryst-rich nature (20-58%), with phenocryst assemblages characterized by cpx ± ol ± plag ± foid ± amp ± bio. The clinopyroxene phenocrysts can be chemically classified as Ti- and Fe3-rich Al-diopsides for Groups A and B (ABcpxs) and Ti- and Fe3-poor Al-diopsides for Group C (Ccpxs). They have poorly variable composition, clustering in the diopside field. Structurally, the diopside groups have nearly similar a (ranging from 9.73 to 9.75 Å), Vcell (437.2-440.9 Å3), and hbetai angle values (106.01°-106.23°), but some differences in polyhedral parameters and geometries of the AB-cpxs and C-cpxs have been observed. For example, the AB-cpxs are characterized by. larger c (5.27-5.30 vs. 5.25-5.28 Å), VT (2.27-2.30 vs. 2.23-2.28 Å3), and VM2 (25.53-25.72 vs. 25.41-25.59 Å3) values and smaller b (8.87-8.88 vs. 8.88-8.91 Å) and VM1(11.49-1.63 vs. 11.64-11.83 Å3) values with respect to the C-cpxs. In addition, the AB-cpxs show higher values of VM2/VM1 (2.20-2.23) due to large VM2 and small VM1 compared to the VM2/ VM1 ratios of the C-cpxs (<2.19). Such differences in the crystal structure of the AB-cpxs and C-cpxs from the NAVs are partly related to different crystallization pressures, but mostly related to variation in melt composition and, possibly, the influence of other crystallizing mineral phases. In particular, R(M2-O1) and R(M1-O2) (i.e. bond lengths) differences in the clinopyroxenes of different groups support the presence of evolved host rocks with different alkaline character (i.e. silicaundersaturated Groups A-B and silica-saturated Group C). Based on the cpx-geothermobarometry, the crystallization pressures for the C-cpxs are lower than 4.5 kbars, but the AB-cpxs have relatively high-pressure values (5.6- 10.6 kbars), suggesting that the AB-cpxs crystallized in higher pressure environments. The relatively higher crystallization temperatures of the AB-cpxs also indicate higher cooling rates. The P-T estimates suggest that the source regions of the clinopyroxene phenocrysts from the NAVs were crustal magma chambers in a closed plumbing system at a moderate- to low-pressure regime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-147
Number of pages17
JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009


  • Alkaline
  • Clinopyroxene
  • Crystal-chemistry
  • Low pressure
  • NE Turkey
  • Volcanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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