The properties of a one-dimensional phononic crystal made of identical piezoelectric elements separated by thin metallic electrodes connected to the ground are studied theoretically for cases where the locations of the electrical connections change as a function of time with a specific speed. This spatio-temporal modulation of the electrical boundary conditions results in significant non-linear effects that are evidenced numerically. The interaction between an incident harmonic longitudinal wave and the time-dependent phononic crystal is shown to lead to frequency splitting analogous to Brillouin scattering. Moreover, the boundaries of the Bragg bandgaps are strongly affected, and for some specific modulation speed, one-way wave propagation can be achieved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)