Brassinosteroid-insensitive dwarf mutants of Arabidopsis accumulate brassinosteroids

Takahiro Noguchi, Shozo Fujioka, Sunghwa Choe, Suguru Takatsuto, Shigeo Yoshida, Heng Yuan, Kenneth A. Feldmann, Frans E. Tax

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367 Scopus citations


Seven dwarf mutants resembling brassinosteroid (BR)-biosynthetic dwarfs were isolated that did not respond significantly to the application of exogenous BRs. Genetic and molecular analyses revealed that these were novel alleles of BRI1 (Brassinosteroid-Insensitive 1), which encodes a receptor kinase that may act as a receptor for BRs or be involved in downstream signaling. The results of morphological and molecular analyses indicated that these represent a range of alleles from weak to null. The endogenous BRs were examined from 5-week-old plants of a null allele (bri1-4) and two weak alleles (bri1-5 and bri1-6). Previous analysis of endogenous BRs in several BR-biosynthetic dwarf mutants revealed that active BRs are deficient in these mutants. However, bril-4 plants accumulated very high levels of brassinolide, castasterone, and typhasterol (57-, 128-, and 33-fold higher, respectively, than those of wild-type plants). Weaker alleles (bri1-5 and bri1-6) also accumulated considerable levels of brassinolide, castasterone, and typhasterol, but less than the null allele (bri1-4). The levels of 6-deoxoBRs in bri1 mutants were comparable to that of wild type. The accumulation of biologically active BRs may result from the inability to utilize these active BRs, the inability to regulate BR biosynthesis in bri1 mutants, or both. Therefore, BRI-1 is required for the homeostasis of endogenous BR levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)743-752
Number of pages10
JournalPlant physiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science


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