Boosting Graph Contrastive Learning via Graph Contrastive Saliency

Chunyu Wei, Yu Wang, Bing Bai, Kai Ni, David J. Brady, Lu Fang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Graph augmentation plays a crucial role in achieving good generalization for contrastive graph self-supervised learning. However, mainstream Graph Contrastive Learning (GCL) often favors random graph augmentations, by relying on random node dropout or edge perturbation on graphs. Random augmentations may inevitably lead to semantic information corruption during the training, and force the network to mistakenly focus on semantically irrelevant environmental background structures. To address these limitations and to improve generalization, we propose a novel self-supervised learning framework for GCL, which can adaptively screen the semantic-related substructure in graphs by capitalizing on the proposed gradient-based Graph Contrastive Saliency (GCS). The goal is to identify the most semantically discriminative structures of a graph via contrastive learning, such that we can generate semantically meaningful augmentations by leveraging on saliency. Empirical evidence on 16 benchmark datasets demonstrates the exclusive merits of the GCS-based framework. We also provide rigorous theoretical justification for GCS's robustness properties. Code is available at https://github.com/weicy15/GCS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36839-36855
Number of pages17
JournalProceedings of Machine Learning Research
Volume202
StatePublished - 2023
Event40th International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2023 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: Jul 23 2023Jul 29 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Statistics and Probability

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