Bone resorption levels by age and menopausal status in 5,157 women

Linda L. Lewis, Joan F. Shaver, Nancy F. Woods, Martha J. Lentz, Kevin C. Cain, Vicky Hertig, Sandra Heidergott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe bone resorption activity using a biochemical marker according to the categories of age, menopausal status, and selected drug/supplement use in middle-aged and elderly community-based women. Design: This was a cross-sectional study that assessed urinary cross-linked N-telopeptide of type I collagen (NTx) and used self-report data to group women as premenopausal (Pre), perimenopausal (Peri), postmenopausal without hormone replacement therapy (Post), and postmenopausal with hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Results: Mean NTx values were found to be significantly different by group and controlling for age (p = 0.001), with post hoc tests showing all pairwise group comparisons as significantly different (p = 0.001), except that the Pre and HRT groups were not significantly different. Both the Peri and the Post NTx levels were significantly higher than the Pre and the HRT groups'. NTx values in the Peri group varied with age-the youngest Peri women were similar to Pre women, and the oldest Peri women were similar to Post women. Significantly lower NTx levels were found only in the Post (p = 0.009) and HRT (p < 0.001) groups using diuretics compared with nonuse and only in the HRT group using calcium supplements compared with nonuse (p = 0.006). No differences by thyroid use were found. With a biochemical marker, the results showed that bone resorption activity differences could be demarcated in women according to age, estimated menopausal stage, and selected drug/supplement use. Conclusions: These results support the usefulness of NTx assessment for indicating bone resorption activity and therefore the potential for osteoporosis or for monitoring the efficacy of antiresorptive therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-52
Number of pages11
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000


  • Bone resorption
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Menopause
  • Osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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