Blocking Serum Amyloid-P Component from Binding to Macrophages and Augmenting Fungal Functional Amyloid Increases Macrophage Phagocytosis of Candida albicans

Stephen A. Klotz, Nicole Bradley, Peter N. Lipke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Candida-macrophage interactions are important immune defense responses associated with disseminated and deep-seated candidiasis in humans. Cells of Candida spp. express functional amyloids on their surfaces during the pathogenesis of disseminated candidiasis. These amyloids become decorated with serum amyloid P-component (SAP) that binds to Candida cells and macrophages and downregulates the cellular and cytokine response to the fungi. In this report, further characterization of the interactions of SAP and fungal functional amyloid are demonstrated. Blocking the binding of SAP to macrophage FcγR1 receptors increases phagocytosis of yeast cells; seeding a pro-amyloid-forming peptide on the yeast cell surface also increases phagocytosis of yeasts by macrophages; and, lastly, miridesap, a small palindromic molecule, prevents binding of SAP to yeasts and removes SAP that is bound to C. albicans thus, potentially increasing phagocytosis of yeasts by macrophages. Some, or all, of these interventions may be useful in boosting the host immune response to disseminated candidiasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1000
JournalPathogens
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • innate immunity
  • macrophage skewing
  • pathogen recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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