Black death: an ascorbic acid deficiency disease in penaeid shrimp

Paul C. Magarelli, Brian Hunter, Donald V. Lightner, L. Benard Colvin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    36 Scopus citations


    1. 1. The physiological requirement for ascorbic acid (AsA) has been established for two species of penaeid shrimp: Penaeus californiensis (Holmes) and Penaeus stylirostris (Stimpson). 2. 2. The AsA deficiency disease syndrome, called black death disease (BD), has been characterized by melanized lesions in the loose connective tissue under the exoskeleton, on the abdomen, on the carapace, in the gills, and in the foregut and hindgut. 3. 3. Tissue levels of AsA showed a positive correlation with intake of AsA and with change in survival and negatively correlated with occurrence of BD. 4. 4. Experiments demonstrated a statistical advantage (P < 0.05) in growth and survival in P. californiensis and for growth in P. stylirostris fed diets containing AsA.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)103-108
    Number of pages6
    JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology -- Part A: Physiology
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - 1979

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology


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