Birefringence, Pockels, and Kerr effects in photorefractive polymers

B. Kippelen, Sandalphon, K. Meerholz, N. Peyghambarian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


A simple frequency-dependent ellipsometric technique for measuring the birefringence, the Pockels and Kerr properties of low glass-transition temperature photorefractive polymers is proposed. The technique is applied to the characterization of highly efficient DMNPAA:PVK:ECZ:TNF photorefractive polymers and the determination of the microscopic properties of the DMNPAA molecule.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1748
Number of pages1
JournalApplied Physics Letters
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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