Here we introduce a new approach for the screening, selection and sorting of cell-surface-binding peptides from phage libraries. Biopanning and rapid analysis of selective interactive ligands (termed BRASIL) is based on differential centrifugation in which a cell suspension incubated with phage in an aqueous upper phase is centrifuged through a non-miscible organic lower phase. This single-step organic phase separation is faster, more sensitive and more specific than current methods that rely on washing steps or limiting dilution. As a proof-of-principle, we screened human endothelial cells stimulated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and constructed a peptide-based ligand-receptor map of the VEGF family. Next, we validated the motif PQPRPL as a novel chimeric ligand mimic that binds specifically to VEGF receptor-1 and to neuropilin-1. BRASIL may prove itself a superior method for probing target cell surfaces with a broad range of potential applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology