Biform game: Reflection as a stochastic programming problem

Nichalin S. Summerfield, Moshe Dror

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


In this paper we examine the biform games modeling framework. More specifically, we recast biform games as two-stage stochastic programming with recourse. The two-stage stochastic programming view of biform games is demonstrated in this paper on an example from Brandenburger and Stuart (2007) regarding a coordination game. We claim that our stochastic programming format for biform games allows for a well established mathematical methodology to enrich the modeling options when applied to biform competitive and cooperative game options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-129
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Production Economics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Biform games
  • Stochastic programming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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