Better together? Examining profiles of employee recovery experiences

Andrew A. Bennett, Allison S. Gabriel, Charles Calderwood, Jason J. Dahling, John P. Trougakos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Scopus citations

Abstract

Employees are exposed to a wide variety of job demands that deplete personal resources and necessitate recovery. In light of this need, research on work recovery has focused on how distinct recovery experiences during postwork time relate to employee well-being. However, investigators have largely tested the effects of these experiences in isolation, neglecting the possibility that profiles of recovery experiences may exist and influence the recovery process. The current set of studies adopted a person-centered approach using latent profile analysis to understand whether unique constellations of recovery experiences-psychological detachment, relaxation, mastery, control, and problem-solving pondering-emerged for 2 samples of full-time employees. In Study 1, which involved a single-time-point assessment, we identified 4 unique profiles of recovery experiences, tested whether job demands (i.e., time pressure, role ambiguity) and job resources (i.e., job control) differentiated profile membership, and evaluated whether each profile uniquely related to employee well-being outcomes (i.e., emotional exhaustion, engagement, somatic complaints). In Study 2, which involved 2 time points, we replicated 3 of the 4 profiles observed in Study 1, and tested 2 additional antecedents rated by employees' supervisors: leader-member exchange and supervisor support for recovery. Across both studies, unique differences emerged in regard to antecedents and outcomes tied to recovery experience profile membership.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1635-1654
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume101
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Employee well-being
  • Latent profile analysis
  • Person-centered analysis
  • Recovery
  • Recovery experiences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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