Bayesian hazard modeling based on lifetime data with latent heterogeneity

Mingyang Li, Jian Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Lifetime data collected from reliability tests or field operations often exhibit significant heterogeneity patterns caused by latent factors. Such latent heterogeneity indicates that lifetime observations may belong to different sub-populations with different distribution parameters. As a result, the assumption on data homogeneity adopted by conventional reliability modeling techniques becomes inappropriate. Effective identification and quantification of such heterogeneity is crucial for more reliable model estimation and subsequent optimal decision making in a variety of reliability assurance activities. This research proposes a full Bayesian modeling framework for statistical hazard modeling of latent heterogeneity in lifetime data. The proposed framework is generic and comprehensive by systematically addressing different modeling aspects, which include modeling sub-populations with different hazard rates changing over time and different responses to the same stress factors, determining the number of sub-populations, identifying the most appropriate sub-population model structures, estimating model parameters and performing predictive inference. A numerical case study demonstrates the validity and effectiveness of the proposed approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
JournalReliability Engineering and System Safety
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • Bayesian inference
  • Gibbs sampler
  • Hazard regression
  • Mixture model
  • Model selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Bayesian hazard modeling based on lifetime data with latent heterogeneity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this