TY - CHAP

T1 - BAYESIAN ANALYSIS OF MISSPECIFIED MODELS WITH FIXED EFFECTS

AU - Woutersen, Tiemen

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - One way to control for the heterogeneity in panel data is to allow for time-invariant, individual specific parameters. This fixed effect approach introduces many parameters into the model which causes the "incidental parameter problem": the maximum likelihood estimator is in general inconsistent. Woutersen (2001) shows how to approximately separate the parameters of interest from the fixed effects using a reparametrization. He then shows how a Bayesian method gives a general solution to the incidental parameter for correctly specified models. This paper extends Woutersen (2001) to misspecified models. Following White (1982), we assume that the expectation of the score of the integrated likelihood is zero at the true values of the parameters. We then derive the conditions under which a Bayesian estimator converges at rate N where N is the number of individuals. Under these conditions, we show that the variance-covariance matrix of the Bayesian estimator has the form of White (1982). We illustrate our approach by the dynamic linear model with fixed effects and a duration model with fixed effects.

AB - One way to control for the heterogeneity in panel data is to allow for time-invariant, individual specific parameters. This fixed effect approach introduces many parameters into the model which causes the "incidental parameter problem": the maximum likelihood estimator is in general inconsistent. Woutersen (2001) shows how to approximately separate the parameters of interest from the fixed effects using a reparametrization. He then shows how a Bayesian method gives a general solution to the incidental parameter for correctly specified models. This paper extends Woutersen (2001) to misspecified models. Following White (1982), we assume that the expectation of the score of the integrated likelihood is zero at the true values of the parameters. We then derive the conditions under which a Bayesian estimator converges at rate N where N is the number of individuals. Under these conditions, we show that the variance-covariance matrix of the Bayesian estimator has the form of White (1982). We illustrate our approach by the dynamic linear model with fixed effects and a duration model with fixed effects.

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U2 - 10.1016/S0731-9053(03)17011-9

DO - 10.1016/S0731-9053(03)17011-9

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:36148994725

SN - 0762310758

SN - 9780762310753

T3 - Advances in Econometrics

SP - 235

EP - 249

BT - Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Misspecified Models

PB - JAI Press

ER -