Background: Detection of basal levels of CD34 progenitor cells is a rare event analysis enumerating cells down to 1 cell/μl. A reproducible analytic approach was used in three independent clinical trials in which multiple sequential assays were obtained from the same individual. Methods: A 4 color panel combining, HLA-DR, CD34, CD45, and CD11b was used in a dual platform analysis to quantify CD34 progenitor cells in peripheral blood, with quality control focused at the lowest measurements (i.e., basal levels), where assay error is greatest. Results: Repeat testing of individuals every 4 h over the course of 6 days provided a unique opportunity to assess the precision of the analytic technique and identified basal differences between individuals. In a second study, the basal levels were stable for 10 weeks while in a third study the individual differences were maintained for 18 months. This approach was then used to monitor the kinetics of mobilization of CD34 cells following G-CSF stimulation every 4 h. Conclusions: The differences between individuals in basal levels of CD34 were shown to be a biologic constant, stable for 18 months and not a result of the variability of the assay, shown by low coefficients of variation for each individual. These results can be used to augment a quality control program by monitoring individuals over time to establish intra and inter-laboratory assay precision. In addition, the response of six individuals to G-CSF demonstrated differences in absolute numbers of mobilized CD34 progenitor cells but showed identical kinetics, peaking at 80-110 h.
- flow cytometry
- progenitor cell enumeration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology