Automated aspects in acute ischemic stroke: A comparative analysis with CT perfusion

V. K. Sundaram, J. Goldstein, D. Wheelwright, A. Aggarwal, P. S. Pawha, A. Doshi, J. T. Fifi, R. De Leacy, J. Mocco, J. Puig, K. Nael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Automated ASPECTS has the potential of reducing interobserver variability in the determination of early ischemic changes. We aimed to assess the performance of an automated ASPECTS software against the assessment of a neuroradiologist in a comparative analysis with concurrent CTP-based CBV ASPECTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with anterior circulation stroke who had baseline NCCT and CTP and underwent successful mechanical thrombectomy were included. NCCT-ASPECTS was assessed by 2 neuroradiologists, and discrepancies were resolved by consensus. CTP-CBV ASPECTS was assessed by a different neuroradiologist. Automated ASPECTS was provided by Brainomix software. ASPECTS was dichotomized (ASPECTS ≥6 or <6) and was also based on the time from onset (>6 or ≤6 hours). RESULTS: A total of 58 patients were included. The interobserver agreement for NCCT ASPECTS was moderate (k = 0.48) and marginally improved (k = 0.64) for dichotomized data. Automated ASPECTS showed excellent agreement with consensus reads (k = 0.84) and CTP-CBV ASPECTS (k = 0.84). Intraclass correlation coefficients for ASPECTS across all 3 groups were 0.84 (95% CI, 0.76-0.90, raw scores) and 0.94 (95% CI, 0.91-0.96, dichotomized scores). Automated scores were comparable with consensus reads and CTP-CBV ASPECTS in patients when grouped on the basis of time from symptom onset (>6 or ≤6 hours). There was significant (P< .001) negative correlation with final infarction volume and the 3 ASPECTS groups (r = -0.52, consensus reads; -0.58, CTP-CBV; and -0.66, automated). CONCLUSIONS: ASPECTS derived from an automated software performs equally as well as consensus reads of expert neuroradiologists and concurrent CTP-CBV ASPECTS and can be used to standardize ASPECTS reporting and minimize interpretation variability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2033-2038
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume40
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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