Mesangial cells isolated from NOD mice after the onset of diabetes have undergone a stable phenotypic change. This phenotype is characterized by increased expression of IGF-I and downregulation of collagen degradation, which is associated with decreased MMP-2 activity. Here, we investigated the IGF-I signaling pathway in mesangial cells isolated from NOD mice before (nondiabetic NOD mice [ND-NOD]) and after (diabetic NOD mice [D-NOD]) the onset of diabetes. We found that the IGF-I signaling pathway in D-NOD cells was activated by autocrine IGF-I. They had phosphorylation of the IGF-I receptor β-subunit, phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1, and association of the p85 subunit (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase [P13K]) with the IGF-I receptor and IRS-1 in D-NOD cells in the basal state. This was also associated with increased phosphorylation of ERK2 in D-NOD mesangial cells. Inhibiting autocrine IGF-I from binding to its receptor using an IGF-Ineutralizing antibody or inhibiting IGF-I signaling pathways using a specific P13K inhibitor or a specific mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular response kinase kinase inhibitor decreased phosphorylated ERKs in D-NOD cells. Importantly, this was associated with increased MMP-2 activity. The addition of exogenous IGF-I to ND-NOD activated signal transduction. Therefore, we conclude that the IGF-I signaling pathway is intact in both D-NOD and ND-NOD cells. However, the phenotypic change in D-NOD cells is associated with constitutive activation of the IGF-I signaling pathways, which may participate in the development and progression of diabetic glomerulosclerosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism