Attomicroscopy: From femtosecond to attosecond electron microscopy

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32 Scopus citations


In the last decade, the development of ultrafast electron diffraction (UED) and microscopy (UEM) have enabled the imaging of atomic motion in real time and space. These pivotal table-top tools opened the door for a vast range of applications in different areas of science spanning chemistry, physics, materials science, and biology. We first discuss the basic principles and recent advancements, including some of the important applications, of both UED and UEM. Then, we discuss the recent advances in the field that have enhanced the spatial and temporal resolutions, where the latter, is however, still limited to a few hundreds of femtoseconds, preventing the imaging of ultrafast dynamics of matter lasting few tens of femtoseconds. Then, we present our new optical gating approach for generating an isolated 30 fs electron pulse with sufficient intensity to attain a temporal resolution on the same time scale. This achievement allows, for the first time, imaging the electron dynamics of matter. Finally, we demonstrate the feasibility of the optical gating approach to generate an isolated attosecond electron pulse, utilizing our recently demonstrated optical attosecond laser pulse, which paves the way for establishing the field of 'Attomicroscopy', ultimately enabling us to image the electron motion in action.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number032005
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 12 2018


  • attomicroscopy
  • attosecond electron pulse
  • femtosecond electron diffraction
  • imaging the electron motion
  • photon-induced electron microscopy
  • ultrafast electron microscopy
  • ultrafast electron pulse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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