Atmospheric Turbulence-Controlled Cryptosystems

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3 Scopus citations


To overcome the limitations of QKD, post-quantum cryptography, and computational security-based cryptography protocols in this paper, an atmospheric turbulence-controlled cryptosystem is proposed. The proposed encryption scheme employs the traditional scheme to utilize the atmospheric turbulence as the common source of randomness only in the initialization stage to determine the common parameters to be used in the proposed encryption scheme. To overcome low secret-key rates of traditional scheme, dictated by the long coherence time Tc of turbulence channel, the proposed encryption scheme updates the parameters of gamma-gamma distribution, used to generate irradiance samples for cumulative distribution function-based determination of the key, every Tc seconds and as such the final key is shaped by the atmospheric turbulence channel. We also describe a scheme that randomly selects one of several available paths in which the simultaneously measured irradiance samples, after interleaving, are used to generate the raw key. The secret-key rates of the proposed schemes are orders of magnitude higher compared to corresponding traditional QKD and source type physical-layer security schemes and are comparable with the state-of-the-art optical communication data rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9333668
JournalIEEE Photonics Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • Physical-layer security
  • Post-quantum cryptography
  • computational security
  • information theoretic security
  • quantum key distribution (QKD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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