Atherosclerotic lesion development in a novel ovary-intact mouse model of perimenopause

Loretta P. Mayer, Cheryl A. Dyer, Rebecca L. Eastgard, Patricia B. Hoyer, Carole L. Banka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Objective - Since the unexpected results from the Women's Health Initiative, the possible protective role of estrogen in preventing heart disease in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women is uncertain. This study examined atherosclerotic lesion development in ovariectomized versus follicle-depleted ovary-intact cholesterol-fed female low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-deficient mice. Methods and Results - We studied lesion development in LDL receptor-deficient mice that were ovariectomized or follicle depleted with 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD) to induce ovarian failure, then treated ± exogenous 17β-estradiol via pellet implant. At 120 days after start of cholesterol feeding, the extent of lesion in aorta and innominate artery was determined. Lesion area in both locations was similar in vehicle control, VCD-treated, and ovariectomized mice. Replacement with 17β-estradiol caused lesion reduction (P<0.05) in both arterial locations, but it was most efficacious in suppressing innominate lesion area in VCD-treated mice (12.9±5.2%) compared with ovariectomized mice (40.0±6.04%). Conclusions - Endocrine status associated with the follicle-depleted ovary influences exogenous estradiol effects during the development of atherosclerotic lesions and, in particular, inhibits lesion progression in the innominate artery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1910-1916
Number of pages7
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2005


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Estrogen supplementation
  • Perimenopause model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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