Athermal silicon optical add-drop multiplexers based on thermo-optic coefficient tuning of sol-gel material

Soha Namnabat, Kyung Jo Kim, Adam Jones, Roland Himmelhuber, Christopher T. Derose, Douglas C. Trotter, Andrew L. Starbuck, Andrew Pomerene, Anthony L. Lentine, Robert A. Norwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Silicon photonics has gained interest for its potential to provide higher efficiency, bandwidth and reduced power consumption compared to electrical interconnects in datacenters and high performance computing environments. However, it is well known that silicon photonic devices suffer from temperature fluctuations due to silicon's high thermo-optic coefficient and therefore, temperature control in many applications is required. Here we present an athermal optical add-drop multiplexer fabricated from ring resonators.We used a sol-gel inorganic-organic hybrid material as an alternative to previously used materials such as polymers and titanium dioxide. In this work we studied the thermal curing parameters of the sol-gel and their effect on thermal wavelength shift of the rings. With this method, we were able to demonstrate a thermal shift down to -6.8 pm/°C for transverse electric (TE) polarization in ring resonators with waveguide widths of 325 nm when the sol-gel was cured at 130°C for 10.5 hours. We also achieved thermal shifts below 1 pm/°C for transverse magnetic (TM) polarization in the C band under different curing conditions. Curing time compared to curing temperature shows to be the most important factor to control sol-gel's thermo-optic value in order to obtain an athermal device in a wide temperature range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21471-21482
Number of pages12
JournalOptics Express
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 4 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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