Asthma-like features and clinical course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: An analysis from the hokkaido COPD cohort study

Masaru Suzuki, Hironi Makita, Satoshi Konno, Kaoruko Shimizu, Hiroki Kimura, Hirokazu Kimura, Masaharu Nishimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: Some patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have asthma-like features, such as significant bronchodilator reversibility, blood eosinophilia, and/or atopy, even if they are not clinically diagnosed as having asthma. However, the clinical significance of asthma-like features overlapping with COPD remains unclear. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of asthmalike features on the clinical course of patients with COPD who were adequately treated and followed-up over 10 years. Methods: A total of 268 patients withCOPDwho had been clinically considered as not having asthma by respiratory specialists were included in this study. The asthma-like features included in this study were bronchodilator reversibility (ΔFEV1,≥ 12% and ≥ 200ml), blood eosinophilia (≥300 cells/μl), and atopy (positive specific IgE for any inhaled antigen). The annual changes in post-bronchodilator FEV1 and COPDexacerbations were monitored during the first 5 years, and mortality was followed during the entire 10 years of the study. Measurements and Main Results: Fifty-seven subjects (21%) had bronchodilator reversibility, 52 (19%) had blood eosinophilia, and 67 (25%) had atopy. Subjects with blood eosinophilia had significantly slower annual post-bronchodilator FEV1 decline; bronchodilator reversibility and atopy did not affect the annual post-bronchodilator FEV1 decline, and none of the asthma-like features was associated with development of COPD exacerbation. Even if subjects had two or more asthma-like features, they displayed annual post-bronchodilator FEV1 declines and exacerbation rates similar to those of subjects with one or zero asthma-like features, as well as a lower 10-year mortality rate (P = 0.02). Conclusions: The presence of asthma-like features was associated with better clinical course in patients with COPD receiving appropriate treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1358-1365
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume194
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asthma-COPD overlap syndrome
  • Atopy
  • Blood eosinophilia
  • Bronchodilator reversibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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