Association of apolipoproteins C-I and C-II truncations with coronary heart disease and progression of coronary artery calcium: Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Juraj Koska, Yueming Hu, Jeremy Furtado, Dean Billheimer, Dobrin Nedelkov, Matthew Allison, Matthew J. Budoff, Robyn L. McClelland, Peter Reaven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aims: Higher truncated-to-native proteoform ratios of apolipoproteins (apo) C-I (C-I’/C-I) and C-II (C-II’/C-II) are associated with less atherogenic lipid profiles. We examined prospective relationships of C-I’/C-II and C-II’/C-II with coronary heart disease (CHD) and coronary artery calcium (CAC). Methods: ApoC-I and apoC-II proteoforms were measured by mass spectrometry immunoassay in 5790 MESA baseline plasma samples. CHD events (myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, fatal CHD, n = 434) were evaluated for up to 17 years. CAC was measured 1–4 times over 10 years for incident CAC (if baseline CAC = 0), and changes (follow-up adjusted for baseline) in CAC score and density (if baseline CAC>0). Results: C-II’/C-II was inversely associated with CHD (n = 434 events) after adjusting for non-lipid cardiovascular risk factors (Hazard ratio: 0.89 [95% CI: 0.81–0.98] per SD), however, the association was attenuated after further adjustment for HDL levels (0.93 [0.83–1.03]). There was no association between C-I’/C-I and CHD (0.98 [0.88–1.08]). C-II’/C-II was positively associated with changes in CAC score (3.4% [95%CI: 0.6, 6.3]) and density (6.3% [0.3, 4.2]), while C-I’/C-I was inversely associated with incident CAC (Risk ratio: 0.89 [95% CI: 0.81, 0.98]) in fully adjusted models that included plasma lipids. Total apoC-I and apoC-II concentrations were not associated with CHD, incident CAC or change in CAC score. Conclusions: Increased apoC-II truncation was associated with reduced CHD, possibly explained by differences in lipid metabolism. Increased apoC-I and apoC-II truncations were also associated with less CAC progression and/or development of denser coronary plaques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117214
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume380
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023

Keywords

  • Apolipoproteins
  • Coronary artery calcium
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Lipids
  • Posttranslational proteoforms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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