Association Between Responsiveness to Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Interhemispheric Functional Connectivity of Sensorimotor Cortex in Older Adults

Yilin Liu, Koeun Lim, Mark H. Sundman, Chidi Ugonna, Viet Ton That, Stephen Cowen, Ying Hui Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a promising therapeutic technique, and is believed to accomplish its effect by influencing the stimulated and remotely connected areas. However, responsiveness to rTMS shows high interindividual variability, and this intersubject variability is particularly high in older adults. It remains unclear whether baseline resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) contributes to this variability in older adults. The aims of this study are to (1) examine rTMS effects over the primary motor cortex (M1) in older adults, and (2) identify baseline network properties that may contribute to the interindividual variability. Methods: We tested response to intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS), an effective rTMS protocol, over M1 by using both electromyography and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging in older adults. Outcome measures included motor-evoked potential (MEP) elicited by single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation and rsFC before and after an iTBS session. Results: iTBS significantly increased MEP amplitudes and rsFC between the stimulation site, sensorimotor cortex, and supplementary motor area (SMA) in older adults. iTBS-induced changes in MEP amplitude were positively correlated with increases in interhemispheric rsFC after iTBS. Furthermore, older adults with lower baseline interhemispheric rsFC between sensorimotor cortex and SMA exhibited stronger MEP response after iTBS. Discussion: Findings of the study suggest that different levels of interhemispheric communication during resting state might contribute to the response heterogeneity to iTBS in older adults. Interhemispheric rsFC may have great potential serving as a useful marker for predicting iTBS responsiveness in older adults. ClinicalTrials.gov ID: 1707654427 Factors contributing to interindividual variability of the responsive to repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in older adults remain poorly understood. In this study, we examined the effects of rTMS over the primary motor cortex in older adults, and found that response to rTMS is associated with prestimulation interhemispheric connectivity in the sensorimotor and premotor areas. Findings of the study have great potential to be translated into a connectivity-based strategy for identification of responders for rTMS in older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-50
Number of pages12
JournalBrain Connectivity
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023

Keywords

  • functional connectivity
  • interindividual variability
  • older adults
  • theta burst stimulation
  • transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience

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