This study aimed to assess the association between pain burden and presence of any limitation among older adults (≥50 years of age) with pain who used opioids in the United States. This cross-sectional study used 2020 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data and included all adults aged 50 or older, who were alive for the 2020 calendar year, used an opioid at least once in the calendar year, and reported having pain in the past 4 weeks. Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression models were developed to assess the association between any limitation (AL) (yes or no), pain burden (extremely, quite a bit, moderately, or little bit) and the control variables among a nationally representative sample of United States adults. A total of 844 of the 27,805 participants included in the dataset were eligible for the study. Of these, 71.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) = 67.2, 75.1%) reported the presence of AL. The adjusted logistic regression analysis showed that having extreme, quite a bit, or moderate pain (vs little pain) was associated with 10.30 (95% CI = 3.87, 27.40), 5.07 (95% CI = 2.77, 9.30), and 2.49 (95% CI = 1.40, 4.45), respectively, times greater odds of having AL. Furthermore, being unemployed (vs employed; adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 5.26, 95% CI = 2.94, 9.09%), unmarried (vs married; aOR = 1.92, 95% CI = 1.12, 3.33%), having poor overall health (vs good overall health; aOR = 2.08, 95% CI = 1.08, 4.17), and residing in the Midwest (vs West; aOR = 2.04, 95% CI = 1.10, 3.80) were associated with greater odds of having AL. Extreme, quite a bit, and moderate pain burden were significantly associated with greater odds of reporting AL compared to little pain burden. Developing effective pain management strategies that address not only pain relief but also functional improvement among this population is of importance. Future research could then be conducted to determine the most effective pain management strategies that will provide pain relief and improve their functional abilities.
- any limitations
- medical expenditure panel survey
- older adults
- pain burden
ASJC Scopus subject areas