We evaluated human observer and model (JNDmetrix) performance to assess whether the veiling glare of a digital display influences performance in softcopy interpretation of mammographie images. 160 mammographic images, half with a single mass, were processed to simulate four levels of veiling glare: none, comparable to a typical cathode ray tube (CRT) display, double a CRT and quadruple a CRT. Six radiologist observers were shown the images in a randomized presentation order on a liquid crystal display (LCD) that had relatively no veiling glare. The JNDmetrix human visual system model also analyzed the images. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) techniques showed that performance declined with increasing veiling glare (F = 6.884, p = 0.0035). Quadruple veiling glare yielded significantly lower performance than the lower veiling glare levels. The JNDmetrix model did not predict a reduction in performance with changes in veiling glare, and correlation with the human observer data was modest (0.588). Display veiling glare may influence observer performance, but only at very high levels.