Aspartate Aminotransferase-to-Platelet Ratio Index Predicts Liver Failure After Resection of Colorectal Liver Metastases

Yazan Ashouri, Chiu Hsieh Hsu, Taylor S. Riall, Ioannis T. Konstantinidis, Felipe B. Maegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Chemotherapy agents for metastatic colorectal cancer can cause liver injury, increasing the risk of post-hepatectomy liver failure after hepatectomy for metastases. The role of noninvasive fibrosis markers in this setting is not well established. Aims: To evaluate the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) as a predictor of postoperative liver failure. Methods: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was utilized to identify patients who received preoperative chemotherapy and underwent hepatectomy for colorectal metastases between 2015 and 2017. Concordance index analysis was conducted to determine APRI’s contribution to the prediction of liver failure. The optimal cutoff value was defined and its ability to predict post-hepatectomy liver failure and perioperative bleeding were examined. Results: A total of 2374 patients were identified and included in the analysis. APRI demonstrated to be a better predictor of postoperative liver failure than MELD score, with a statistically significant larger area under the curve. The optimal APRI cutoff value to predict liver failure was 0.365. The multivariable logistic regression showed that APRI ≥ 0.365 was independently associated with PHLF, odds ratio (OR) 2.51, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.67–3.77, P <.0001. Likewise, APRI ≥ 0.365 was independently associated with perioperative bleeding complications requiring transfusions, OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.13–1.77, P = 0.002. MELD score was not statistically associated with PHLF or bleeding complications. Conclusions: APRI was independently associated with post-hepatectomy liver failure and perioperative bleeding requiring transfusions after resection of colorectal metastases in patients who received preoperative chemotherapy. Concordance index showed APRI to add significant contribution as a predictor of postoperative liver failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Colorectal neoplasms
  • Liver failure
  • Metastases
  • Sinusoidal obstructive syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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