Artifacts in musculoskeletal ultrasonography

Mihra S. Taljanovic, David M. Melville, Luke R. Scalcione, Lana H. Gimber, Eileen J. Lorenz, Russell S. Witte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


During the past 2 decades, high-resolution ultrasonography (US) has been increasingly utilized in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal trauma and diseases with results comparable with MR imaging. US has an advantage over other cross-sectional modalities in many circumstances due to its superior spatial resolution and ability to allow dynamic assessment. When performing musculoskeletal US, the examiner has to be knowledgeable in the complex anatomy of the musculoskeletal system and US imaging technique. Additionally, he or she must be familiar with several common imaging artifacts in musculoskeletal US that may be mistaken for pathology, as well as several artifacts that frequently accompany pathologic conditions. These artifacts may occur with both B-mode gray-scale and Doppler imaging. In this article, we discuss common artifacts seen in musculoskeletal US and techniques to avoid or minimize these artifacts during clinical US examinations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-11
Number of pages9
JournalSeminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014


  • aliasing
  • anisotropy
  • artifact
  • background noise
  • beam width artifact
  • comet-tail artifact
  • increased through transmission
  • mirror image
  • posterior acoustic enhancement
  • posterior acoustic shadowing
  • posterior reverberation
  • ring-down artifact
  • side-lobe artifact
  • twinkling artifact
  • ultrasonography
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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