ARG1 is a novel bronchodilator response gene: Screening and replication in four asthma cohorts

Augusto A. Litonjua, Jessica Lasky-Su, Kady Schneiter, Kelan G. Tantisira, Ross Lazarus, Barbara Klanderman, John J. Lima, Charles G. Irvin, Stephen P. Peters, John P. Hanrahan, Stephen B. Liggett, Gregory A. Hawkins, Deborah A. Meyers, Eugene R. Bleecker, Christoph Lange, Scott T. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: Inhaled β-agonists are one of the most widely used classes of drugs for the treatment of asthma. However, a substantial proportion of patients with asthma do not have a favorable response to these drugs, and identifying genetic determinants of drug response may aid in tailoring treatment for individual patients. Objectives: To screen variants in candidate genes in the steroid and β-adrenergic pathways for association with response to inhaled β-agonists. Methods: We genotyped 844 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 111 candidate genes in 209 children and their parents participating in the Childhood Asthma Management Program. We screened the association of these SNPs with acute response to inhaled β-agonists (bronchodilator response [BDR]) using a novel algorithm implemented in a family-based association test that ranked SNPs in order of statistical power. Genes that had SNPs with median power in the highest quartile were then taken for replication analyses in three other asthma cohorts. Measurements and Main Results: We identified 17 genes from the screening algorithm and genotyped 99 SNPs from these genes in a second population of patients with asthma. We then genotyped 63 SNPs from four genes with significant associations with BDR, for replication in a third and fourth population of patients with asthma. Evidence for association from the four asthma cohorts was combined, and SNPs from ARG1 were significantly associated with BDR. SNP rs2781659 survived Bonferroni correction for multiple testing (combined P value = 0.00048, adjusted P value = 0.047). Conclusions: These findings identify ARG1 as a novel gene for acute BDR in both children and adults with asthma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)688-694
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume178
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Bronchodilator agents
  • Pharmacogenetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'ARG1 is a novel bronchodilator response gene: Screening and replication in four asthma cohorts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this