Apnea-hypopnea index: Time to wake up

Eyal Shahar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Despite the widespread use of the apnea-hypopnea index in research, its scientific and statistical properties have not been examined thoroughly. The index may be viewed either as a rate (number of events per hour of sleep) or as a ratio of two variables (number of events/number of hours of sleep). When considered as a rate, the apnea-hypopnea index may be modeled as the dependent variable, provided that researchers explicitly state which physical property they assume to be measuring. On the other hand, the index is rarely, if ever, the preferred model of exposure to sleep-disordered breathing (an independent variable), regardless of whether it is considered a rate or a ratio variable. Continued indiscriminate use of the apnea-hypopnea index in sleep research should be discouraged.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-56
Number of pages6
JournalNature and Science of Sleep
StatePublished - 2014


  • Apnea-hypopnea index
  • Rates
  • Ratio variables
  • Respiratory disturbance index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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