Antibiotic prescribing upon discharge from the hospital to long-term care facilities: Implications for antimicrobial stewardship requirements in post-acute settings

Bo R. Weber, Brie N. Noble, David T. Bearden, Christopher J. Crnich, Katherine D. Ellingson, Jessina C. McGregor, Jon P. Furuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To quantify the frequency and outcomes of receiving an antibiotic prescription upon discharge from the hospital to long-term care facilities (LTCFs).Design Retrospective cohort study.Setting A 576-bed, academic hospital in Portland, Oregon.Patients Adult inpatients (≥18 years of age) discharged to an LTCF between January 1, 2012, and June 30, 2016.Methods Our primary outcome was receiving a systemic antibiotic prescription upon discharge to an LTCF. We also quantified the association between receiving an antibiotic prescription and 30-day hospital readmission, 30-day emergency department (ED) visit, and Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) on a readmission or ED visit at the index facility within 60 days of discharge.Results Among 6,701 discharges to an LTCF, 22.9% were prescribed antibiotics upon discharge. The most prevalent antibiotic classes prescribed were cephalosporins (20.4%), fluoroquinolones (19.1%), and penicillins (16.7%). The medical records of ∼82% of patients included a diagnosis code for a bacterial infection on the index admission. Among patients prescribed an antibiotic upon discharge, the incidence of 30-day hospital readmission to the index facility was 15.9%, the incidence of 30-day ED visit at the index facility was 11.0%, and the incidence of CDI on a readmission or ED visit within 60 days of discharge was 1.6%. Receiving an antibiotic prescription upon discharge was significantly associated with 30-day ED visits (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-1.5) and with CDI within 60 days (aOR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.02-2.8) but not with 30-day readmissions (aOR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.9-1.2).Conclusions Antibiotics were frequently prescribed upon discharge to LTCFs, which may be associated with increased risk of poor outcomes post discharge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-23
Number of pages6
JournalInfection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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