Annual Variation in Atmospheric C between 1700 BC and 1480 BC

Charlotte Pearson, Lukas Wacker, Alex Bayliss, David Brown, Matthew Salzer, Peter Brewer, Silvia Bollhalder, Gretel Boswijk, Gregory Hodgins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


In 2018 Pearson et al. published a new sequence of annual radiocarbon (C) data derived from oak (Quercus sp.) trees from Northern Ireland and bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) from North America across the period 1700-1500 BC. The study indicated that the more highly resolved shape of an annually based calibration dataset could improve the accuracy of C calibration during this period. This finding had implications for the controversial dating of the eruption of Thera in the Eastern Mediterranean. To test for interlaboratory variation and improve the robustness of the annual dataset for calibration purposes, we have generated a replicate sequence from the same Irish oaks at ETH Zürich. These data are compatible with the Irish oak C dataset previously produced at the University of Arizona and are used (along with additional data) to examine inter-tree and interlaboratory variation in multiyear annual C time-series. The results raise questions about regional C offsets at different scales and demonstrate the potential of annually resolved C for refining subdecadal and larger scale features for calibration, solar reconstruction, and multiproxy synchronization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)939-952
Number of pages14
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020


  • C
  • Thera
  • annual
  • calibration
  • dendrochronology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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