Anniversary Paper: Evaluation of medical imaging systems

Elizabeth A. Krupinski, Yulei Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Medical imaging used to be primarily within the domain of radiology, but with the advent of virtual pathology slides and telemedicine, imaging technology is expanding in the healthcare enterprise. As new imaging technologies are developed, they must be evaluated to assess the impact and benefit on patient care. The authors review the hierarchical model of the efficacy of diagnostic imaging systems by Fryback and Thornbury [Med. Decis. Making11, 88-94 (1991)] as a guiding principle for system evaluation. Evaluation of medical imaging systems encompasses everything from the hardware and software used to acquire, store, and transmit images to the presentation of images to the interpreting clinician. Evaluation of medical imaging systems can take many forms, from the purely technical (e.g., patient dose measurement) to the increasingly complex (e.g., determining whether a new imaging method saves lives and benefits society). Evaluation methodologies cover a broad range, from receiver operating characteristic (ROC) techniques that measure diagnostic accuracy to timing studies that measure image-interpretation workflow efficiency. The authors review briefly the history of the development of evaluation methodologies and review ROC methodology as well as other types of evaluation methods. They discuss unique challenges in system evaluation that face the imaging community today and opportunities for future advances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-659
Number of pages15
JournalMedical physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Diagnostic accuracy
  • Medical imaging
  • Observer study
  • Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis
  • System evaluation
  • Workflow efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'Anniversary Paper: Evaluation of medical imaging systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this