Animal Lentiviruses: Models for Human Immunodeficiency Viruses and Nutrition

Mitchel Graham Stover, Ronald Ross Watson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The purpose of this work is to elucidate useful relationships between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related lentiviruses in nonhuman species and HIV. In particular, this study examined relationships between simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV), and HIV. The need to investigate these lentiviruses is due to the current global prevalence of HIV and demand for better therapeutic strategies and understanding of available models for this disease. To clarify common characteristics between these viruses, this chapter explores areas such as nutritional effects, morphology, genomic organization and expression, modes of transmission, infectious cycles, and clinical and pathological characteristics of these lentiviruses. This study found that several HIV-related lentiviruses have proven to be useful models for studying HIV pathology as well as disease treatments and possible preventative strategies. Further research of these lentiviruses could provide more beneficial correlations with HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHealth of HIV Infected People
Subtitle of host publicationFood, Nutrition and Lifestyle without Antiretroviral Drugs
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9780128011416
ISBN (Print)9780128007679
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Bovine immunodeficiency virus
  • Feline immunodeficiency virus
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Lentiviruses
  • Retroviruses
  • Simian immunodeficiency virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)


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