Angular differential kernel phases

Romain Laugier, Frantz Martinache, Nick Cvetojevic, David Mary, Alban Ceau, Mamadou N'Diaye, Jens Kammerer, Julien Lozi, Olivier Guyon, Coline Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Context. To reach its optimal performance, Fizeau interferometry requires that we work to resolve instrumental biases through calibration. One common technique used in high contrast imaging is angular differential imaging, which calibrates the point spread function and flux leakage using a rotation in the focal plane. Aims. Our aim is to experimentally demonstrate and validate the efficacy of an angular differential kernel-phase approach, a new method for self-calibrating interferometric observables that operates similarly to angular differential imaging, while retaining their statistical properties. Methods. We used linear algebra to construct new observables that evolve outside of the subspace spanned by static biases. On-sky observations of a binary star with the SCExAO instrument at the Subaru telescope were used to demonstrate the practicality of this technique. We used a classical approach on the same data to compare the effectiveness of this method. Results. The proposed method shows smaller and more Gaussian residuals compared to classical calibration methods, while retaining compatibility with the statistical tools available. We also provide a measurement of the stability of the SCExAO instrument that is relevant to the application of the technique. Conclusions. Angular differential kernel phases provide a reliable method for calibrating biased observables. Although the sensitivity at small separations is reduced for small field rotations, the calibration is effectively improved and the number of subjective choices is reduced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA21
JournalAstronomy and astrophysics
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020


  • Instrumentation: high angular resolution
  • Methods: numerical
  • Techniques: image processing
  • Techniques: interferometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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