Angiotensin II increases host resistance to peritonitis

Kathleen Rodgers, Shiquan Xiong, Theresa Espinoza, Norma Roda, Sonia Maldonado, Gere S. Dizerega

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies by other laboratories have shown that angiotensin II (AII) can affect the function of cells which comprise the immune system. In the present study, the effect of AII on the function of peritoneal macrophages and peripheral blood monocytes was assessed. In vitro exposure (4 h prior to assay) of peritoneal macrophages from mice and rats to AII increased the percentage of cells that phagocytosed opsonized yeast and the number of yeast per macrophage. Furthermore, AII increased the respiratory burst capacity of peritoneal macrophages from mice and rats and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from humans. Because of these observations, the effect of AII on host resistance to bacterial infection was assessed. Intraperitoneal administration of AII was shown to increase host resistance (reduced abscess formation) in an animal model of bacterial peritonitis. Studies were then conducted to assess whether parenteral administration of AII, a clinically relevant route, could affect peritoneal host resistance in a manner similar to that observed after peritoneal administration. These studies showed that subcutaneous administration of AII throughout the postinfection interval increased the level of host resistance to bacterial peritonitis. Furthermore, in a study which compared AII and Neupogen, an agent approved for use for the reduction of febrile neutropenia after myeloablative therapy, daily subcutaneous administration of AII reduced abscess size and incidence, whereas Neupogen did not have any therapeutic benefit in this model. These data suggest that AII may be of therapeutic benefit as an immunomodulatory agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)635-640
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Microbiology (medical)

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