Angiotensin-(1–7) peptide hormone reduces inflammation and pathogen burden during mycoplasma pneumoniae infection in mice

Katie L. Collins, Usir S. Younis, Sasipa Tanyaratsrisakul, Robin Polt, Meredith Hay, Heidi M. Mansour, Julie G. Ledford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The peptide hormone, angiotensin (Ang-(1–7)), produces anti-inflammatory and protective effects by inhibiting production and expression of many cytokines and adhesion molecules that are associated with a cytokine storm. While Ang-(1–7) has been shown to reduce inflammation and airway hyperreactivity in models of asthma, little is known about the effects of Ang-(1–7) during live respiratory infections. Our studies were developed to test if Ang-(1–7) is protective in the lung against overzealous immune responses during an infection with Mycoplasma pneumonia (Mp), a common respiratory pathogen known to provoke exacerbations in asthma and COPD patients. Wild type mice were treated with infectious Mp and a subset of was given either Ang-(1–7) or peptide-free vehicle via oropharyngeal delivery within 2 hours of infection. Markers of inflammation in the lung were assessed within 24 h for each set of animals. During Mycoplasma infection, one high dose of Ang-(1–7) delivered to the lungs reduced neutrophilia and Muc5ac, as well as Tnf-α and chemo-kines (Cxcl1) associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Despite decreased in-flammation, Ang-(1-7)-treated mice also had significantly lower Mp burden in their lung tissue, indicating decreased airway colonization. Ang-(1–7) also had an impact on RAW 264.7 cells, a com-monly used macrophage cell line, by dose-dependently inhibiting TNF-α production while promoting Mp killing. These new findings provide additional support to the protective role(s) of Ang1-7 in controlling inflammation, which we found to be highly protective against live Mp-induced lung inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1614
JournalPharmaceutics
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Angiotensin-(1–7)
  • Asthma
  • Inflammation
  • Macrophages
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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