Ancient genome duplications during the evolution of kiwifruit (Actinidia) and related Ericales

Tao Shi, Hongwen Huang, Michael S. Barker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


Background and AimsTo assess the number and phylogenetic distribution of large-scale genome duplications in the ancestry of Actinidia, publicly available expressed sequenced tags (ESTs) for members of the Actinidiaceae and related Ericales, including tea (Camellia sinensis), were analysed.MethodsSynonymous divergences (Ks) were calculated for all duplications within gene families and examined for evidence of large-scale duplication events. Phylogenetic comparisons for a selection of orthologues among several related species in Ericales and two outgroups permitted placement of duplication events in relation to lineage divergences. Gene ontology (GO) categories were analysed for each whole-genome duplication (WGD) and the whole transcriptome.Key ResultsEvidence for three ancient WGDs in Actinidia was found. Analyses of paleologue GO categories indicated a different pattern of retained genes for each genome duplication, but a pattern consistent with the dosage-balance hypothesis among all retained paleologues.ConclusionsThis study provides evidence for one independent WGD in the ancestry of Actinidia (Ad-), a WGD shared by Actinidia and Camellia (Ad-), and the well-established At- WGD that occurred prior to the divergence of all taxa examined. More ESTs in other taxa are needed to elucidate which groups in Ericales share the Ad- or Ad- duplications and their impact on diversification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-504
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of botany
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2010


  • Actinidia
  • Actinidiaceae
  • Camellia
  • Ericales
  • Paleopolyploidy
  • dosage balance
  • genome duplication
  • kiwi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


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