In the wandering spider Cupiennius salei, the functional neuroanatomy of leg mechanosensory receptor neurons and interneurons associated with a single leg neumere was investigated by combined intracellular recording and Lucifer yellow ionophoresis. Trichobothria axons that selectively respond to air currents and to low-frequency airborne vibrations have arborizations restricted to ventral regions of the appropriate leg neuromere. Receptor afferents that respond selectively to substrateborne vibrations are distributed ventrally in the corresponding leg neuromere and extend into certain interganglionic tract neuropiles. Golgi impregnation and intracellular dye filling show that local interneurons originate in ventral sensory neuropiles of leg neuromeres and ascend dorsally to terminate amongst dendrites of motor neurons. Local interneurons generally show higher thresholds for vibration stimuli than do receptors. Local interneurons typically receive inputs from one or several types of receptors. Some respond to stimulation of a single leg, others respond to stimulation of several legs on the same side of the body. The functional morphology of the receptor afferents is correlated with known physiological characteristics of slit sensilla and trichobothria. Structure and activity of the local interneurons are compared with analogous interneurons in other arthropods.
- Cupiennius salei (Chelicerata)
- Intracellular recording
- Spider central nervous system
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology