PURPOSE: To determine the anatomic characteristics and pharmacokinetic properties of intravitreally placed bevacizumab and ranibizumab after pars plana lensectomy or pars plana vitrectomy and to compare these with nonoperated control eyes in a rabbit model. METHODS: Three groups of six Dutch-belted rabbits each underwent pars plana vitrectomy, pars plana lensectomy, or served as nonsurgical controls. Twelve days after surgery, 3 rabbits from each group underwent intravitreal injection in one eye with 1.25 mg/0.05 mL I-124-bevacizumab or 0.5 mg/0.05 mL I-124-ranibizumab. Serial imaging with integrated positron emission and computed tomography (PET/CT) were obtained on Days 0, 2, 5, 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35. Measured radioactivity emission in becquerels/milliliter was used to calculate the half-lives for each agent. RESULTS: The intravitreally placed radiolabeled agents were contained within the vitreous cavity for the duration of the study. The average clearance half-lives with standard error for bevacizumab and ranibizumab after correction for radioactive decay were, respectively, 4.22 ± 0.07 days and 2.81 ± 0.05 days in unoperated eyes, 2.30 ± 0.09 days (P < 0.0001) and 2.13 ± 0.05 days (P < 0.0001) after vitrectomy, and 2.08 ± 0.07 days (P = 0.0001) and 1.79 ± 0.05 days (P < 0.0001) after lensectomy. CONCLUSION: Intravitreal retention was longer for bevacizumab than ranibizumab within all study groups and was significantly reduced after vitrectomy and lensectomy for both agents. Consideration for more frequent intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor dosing regimens may be made for patients whose treated eyes have undergone previous vitrectomy or who are aphakic.
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