Analysis of variance (Anova)

Philip Stoker, Guang Tian, Ja Young Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Scopus citations


The ANOVA chapter follows the same pattern with an introduction, purpose, and history section. It also provides a look into the mechanics of the test. It includes equations for the within-group variance, between-group variance, and the F-statistic. It also specifies the assumptions that underlie the tests. It provides an overview of how to interpret the results, and then provides the step-by-step guide on how to run an ANOVA test in SPSS and R. The step-by-step instructions for SPSS and R provide information on checking the assumptions while running the test. It explains the null hypothesis, the one-way ANOVA test, and the post hoc test. The chapter concludes with two real planning research examples that use ANOVA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBasic Quantitative Research Methods for Urban Planners
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9781000769234
ISBN (Print)9780429325021
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Arts and Humanities
  • General Social Sciences


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