Analysis of local grain boundary strengthening utilizing the extrinsic indentation size effect

Prasad Pramod Soman, Erik G. Herbert, Katerina E. Aifantis, Stephen A. Hackney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The extrinsic indentation size effect (ISE) is utilized to analyze the depth-dependent hardness for Berkovich indentation of non-uniform dislocation distributions with one and two dimensional deformation gradients and is then extended to indentation results at grain boundaries. The role of the Berkovich pyramid orientation and placement relative to the grain boundary on extrinsic ISE is considered in terms of slip transmission at yield and plastic incompatibility during post-yield deformation. The results are interpreted using a local dislocation hardening mechanism originally proposed by Ashby, combined with the Hall-Petch equation. The Hall-Petch coefficient determined from the extrinsic ISE of the grain boundary is found to be consistent with the published values for pure Fe and mild steel. A simple, linear continuum strain gradient plasticity model is used to further analyze the results to include contributions from a non-uniform distribution in plastic strain and dislocation density.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2347-2369
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 15 2019


  • grain boundaries
  • hardness
  • nano-indentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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