Analysis of accelerated failure time data with dependent censoring using auxiliary variables via nonparametric multiple imputation

Chiu Hsieh Hsu, Jeremy M.G. Taylor, Chengcheng Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We consider the situation of estimating the marginal survival distribution from censored data subject to dependent censoring using auxiliary variables. We had previously developed a nonparametric multiple imputation approach. The method used two working proportional hazards (PH) models, one for the event times and the other for the censoring times, to define a nearest neighbor imputing risk set. This risk set was then used to impute failure times for censored observations. Here, we adapt the method to the situation where the event and censoring times follow accelerated failure time models and propose to use the Buckley-James estimator as the two working models. Besides studying the performances of the proposed method, we also compare the proposed method with two popular methods for handling dependent censoring through the use of auxiliary variables, inverse probability of censoring weighted and parametric multiple imputation methods, to shed light on the use of them. In a simulation study with time-independent auxiliary variables, we show that all approaches can reduce bias due to dependent censoring. The proposed method is robust to misspecification of either one of the two working models and their link function. This indicates that a working proportional hazards model is preferred because it is more cumbersome to fit an accelerated failure time model. In contrast, the inverse probability of censoring weighted method is not robust to misspecification of the link function of the censoring time model. The parametric imputation methods rely on the specification of the event time model. The approaches are applied to a prostate cancer dataset.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2768-2780
Number of pages13
JournalStatistics in Medicine
Issue number19
StatePublished - Aug 30 2015


  • Accelerated failure time
  • Auxiliary variables
  • Buckley-James estimator
  • Cox proportional hazards model
  • Multiple imputation
  • Nearest neighbor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Statistics and Probability


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