Analogue circuit design and implementation of an adaptive resonance theory (ART) neural network architecture

Ching S. Ho, Juin J. Liou, Michael Georgiopoulos, Gregory L. Heileman, Chrostos Christodoulou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


An analogue circuit implementation is presented for an adaptive resonance theory neural network architecture, called the augmented ART-1 neural network (AART1-NN). The AART1-NN is a modification of the popular ARTl-NN, developed by Carpenter and Grossberg, and it exhibits the same behaviour as the ARTl-NN. The A ARTl-NN is a real-time model, and has the ability to classify an arbitrary set of binary input patterns into different clusters. The design of the AART1-NN circuit is based on a set of coupled nonlinear differential equations that constitute the AART1-NN model. The circuit is implemented by utilizing analogue electronic components such as operational amplifiers, transistors, capacitors, and resistors. The implemented circuit is verified using the PSpice circuit simulator, running on Sun workstations. Results obtained from the PSpice circuit simulation compare favourably with simulation results produced by solving the differential equations numerically. The prototype system developed here can be used as a building block for larger AARTI-NN architectures, as well as for other types of ART architectures that involve the AARTI-NN model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-291
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Electronics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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