An open-source Gaussian beamlet decomposition tool for modeling astronomical telescopes

Jaren N. Ashcraft, Ewan S. Douglas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In the pursuit of directly imaging exoplanets, the high-contrast imaging community has developed a multitude of tools to simulate the performance of coronagraphs on segmented-aperture telescopes. As the scale of the telescope increases and science cases move toward shorter wavelengths, the required physical optics propagation to optimize high-contrast imaging instruments becomes computationally prohibitive. Gaussian Beamlet Decom- position (GBD) is an alternative method of physical optics propagation that decomposes an arbitrary wavefront into paraxial rays. These rays can be propagated expeditiously using ABCD matrices, and converted into their corresponding Gaussian beamlets to accurately model physical optics phenomena without the need of diffraction integrals. The GBD technique has seen recent development and implementation in commercial software (e.g. FRED, CODE V, ASAP)1-3 but appears to lack an open-source platform. We present a new GBD tool developed in Python to model physical optics phenomena, with the goal of alleviating the computational burden for modeling complex apertures, many-element systems, and introducing the capacity to model misalignment errors. This study demonstrates the synergy of the geometrical and physical regimes of optics utilized by the GBD technique, and is motivated by the need for advancing open-source physical optics propagators for segmented- aperture telescope coronagraph design and analysis. This work illustrates GBD with Poisson's spot calculations and show significant runtime advantage of GBD over Fresnel propagators for many-element systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationModeling, Systems Engineering, and Project Management for Astronomy IX
EditorsGeorge Z. Angeli, Philippe Dierickx
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510636873
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes
EventModeling, Systems Engineering, and Project Management for Astronomy IX 2020 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Dec 14 2020Dec 22 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume11450
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceModeling, Systems Engineering, and Project Management for Astronomy IX 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period12/14/2012/22/20

Keywords

  • Coronagraph Simulation
  • Gaussian Beamlet
  • High Contrast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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