An Instructional Design Framework for Fostering Student Engagement in Online Learning Environments

Betul C. Czerkawski, Eugene W. Lyman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

116 Scopus citations


Many approaches, models and frameworks exist when designing quality online learning environments. These approaches assist and guide instructional designers through the process of analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation of instructional processes. Some of these frameworks are concerned with student participation, some with motivation and some with student success. All these variables affect active participation and engagement of the student to some degree but the main concern is how to design online instruction conducive to high level of engagement. Therefore, this paper presents an instructional design framework along with a set of strategies that could be used to foster learner engagement in online learning. This framework is result of an extensive literature review on student engagement and is aimed at summarizing the results in a cohesive way for online instructors. For e-learning design and development to be successful online designers and instructors need better approaches to increasing student engagement and its authors hope that proposed framework provides such an approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)532-539
Number of pages8
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016


  • Engagement
  • Higher education
  • Instructional design
  • Instructional design models
  • Online learning environments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


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